U.S. stocks wavered Tuesday as trading enters final hour, as investors gauged the chances that Beijing may ease its zero-COVID policies which provoked widespread protests over the weekend and added to investor worries about global economic growth.
Wall Street was also weighing downbeat data on U.S. consumer confidence, the housing market, and comments from Federal Reserve officials on future interest rate hikes, while looking ahead to Fed Chair Jerome Powell’s speech Wednesday and the monthly employment report on Friday.
How are stocks are trading
- S&P 500 SPX, -0.15% declined 8 points, or 0.2%, to 3,955.
- Dow Jones Industrial Average DJIA, -0.01% shed 25 points, or less than 0.1% to 33,819, despite briefly turning positive earlier in the afternoon.
- The Nasdaq Composite COMP, +0.19% dropped 66 points, or 0.6% to 10,983.
On Monday, the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 498 points, or 1.45%, to 33849, the S&P 500 declined 62 points, or 1.54%, to 3964, and the Nasdaq Composite dropped 177 points, or 1.58%, to 11050.
What’s driving markets
Equities, bond yields and industrial commodity prices fell at the start of the week on concerns a wave of anti COVID-lockdown demonstrations would cause a crackdown by Beijing, further hobbling activity in the world’s second biggest economy and slowing global growth.
However, on Tuesday China’s National Health Commission said it would ramp up COVID vaccinations for the elderly, a move that is seen allowing the government eventually to relax COVID restrictions.
“Police in China have quashed mass COVID demonstrations for now, helping stocks regain their footing,” said Susannah Streeter, senior investment and markets analyst at Hargreaves Lansdown.
However, Mark Williams, chief Asia economist at Capital Economics, worries it will take much longer time for the new campaign of getting elderly vaccinated to succeed, because the vaccination rate is still low.
“Investors in particular are really eager for this kind of good news to happen, that there’s going to be opening up and they’re seizing onto every morsel of good news on that front, but I think it’s gonna be a longer process,” said Williams in a briefing on Tuesday.
The Hang Seng index HSI, +5.24% in Hong Kong, which fell 1.6% on Monday, surged 5.2%. The CSI 300 Index 000300, +3.09%, a benchmark for mainland shares, finished up 3.1% in its best day in more than three weeks.
“The unrest in China duly weighed on equity indices everywhere yesterday, and some moderately hawkish commentary from FOMC members weighed additionally on the U.S. market,” said Ian Williams, strategist at Peel Hunt.
In the U.S., investors got another look at the financial health of consumers going into the year-end holiday season.
Shoppers spent $11.3 billion on Cyber Monday deals, according to Adobe ADBE, -0.71%. That’s a record haul passing the $10.7 spent last year on Cyber Monday sales, according to Adobe. This also follows a record $9.12 billion in online sales during Black Friday, Adobe data shows. But analysts noted that the record sales numbers include the higher prices that consumers are paying as a result of inflation running at a forty year high.
The S&P Case-Shiller U.S. home price index gave a look at America’s housing market, which remains under pressure. The Case-Shiller 20-city price index dropped 1.2 % in September, marking the third straight monthly decline.
The U.S. consumer confidence index for November fell to a four-month low as inflation, higher interest rates and recession worries keep grinding at consumer mood.
Investors are working Tuesday with a mixed bag of information, said Paul Nolte, senior vice president at Kingsview Investment Management.
On the one hand, results from the home price index were “a little disappointing” and the consumer confidence data flagged trouble signs like an uptick in inflation expectations, he noted.
At the same time, “there’s still some hope” that China’s approach to COVID will soften, Nolte said. “Certainly, an opening of China is going to help out a lot,” he said but noted it’s tough to anticipate the next moves from China’s president, Xi Jinping.
Investors will soon shift their attention to a Wednesday speech from Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell, who will speak at the Brookings Institution about the outlook for the economy at 1:30 p.m. Eastern. That’s following Fed speakers earlier this week, including a MarketWatch interview with St. Louis Fed President James Bullard.
Looking ahead to the rest of the week, the U.S. government will be releasing several reports about the labor market, including job openings for October on Wednesday, followed by the closely watched November employment report on Friday.
On the inflation front, investors will be watching the Personal Consumption Expenditure (PCE) index on Thursday, which is expected to show prices rising 0.4% in October, compared to the 0.3% increase from September.
Companies in focus
- Chinese stocks, including Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. BABA, +5.43% and Nio NIO, +4.15% rose over 4% Tuesday after Chinese official announced their next steps for handling COVID-19 in the country.
- Shares of Bilibili, Inc. BILI, +22.24% surged 22.4% after the Chinese video-sharing platform operator posted better-than-expected earnings and revenue. The company posted a narrowed net loss and a rise in revenue for the quarter, both ahead of consensus estimates.
- Royal Bank of Canada RY, -0.26% said Tuesday it reached a deal to acquire HSBC Canada for C$13.5 billion ($10.1 billion) in cash. The deal is expected to close in late 2023, adding a bank that, as of Sept. 30, had $134 billion, approximately 130 branches and 4,200 full-time employees. Shares were down 0.2% on Tuesday.
- Shares of Hibbett HIBB, -11.46% fell 11.5% after the sporting goods retailer missed top and bottom line estimates for its latest quarter.
- Apple AAPL, -2.34% fell 2.4% investors remained concerned over risks to the technology company’s supply chain amid COVID unrest in China.
— Jamie Chisholm contributed to this article.